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What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

Caregiver caring for disabled adult

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by a blow to the head. In some cases, damage to the brain can be fatal, but those that aren’t still leave permanent damage. This damage can include personality changes, mood swings, and differences in mental abilities.

Types of Brain Injuries

There are various types of brain injuries that impact the brain, skull, and scalp. The main types of TBIs include concussions, contusion, penetrating injury, and anoxic brain injury.


A concussion is typically a minor brain injury caused by sudden impact to the head. This can be from a car accident, a fall, or participation in impact sports such as football or boxing. They are usually life-threatening but should be treated immediately. Concussions can cause headaches, problems with concentration, memory loss, and disorientation. If left untreated, these symptoms can last for years.


A contusion, more specially, a cerebral contusion is another form of brain injury that is classified as a bruise of the brain tissue. In other words, your brain gets bruised just like any other part of your body after an injury. Cerebral contusions and concussions often go hand in hand; as a concussion can reveal a contusion and vice versa. Since contusions cause structural brain damage, they are more serious than concussions.

Much like concussions, contusions can be caused by impact to the head. The damage, however, are more severe. Severe contusions can lead to swelling in the brain, which can cause additional brain damage over time.

Penetrating Brain Injury

A penetrating brain injury occurs when an object penetrates the skull and enters the brain. This can be caused by “high-velocity” objects such as bullets or motor vehicle accident, and “low-velocity” objects such as knives or other related weapons. Penetrating brain injuries cause skull fractures.

Anoxic Brain Injury

Anoxic brain injury (ABI) isn’t the same as they previous brain injuries. ABI occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen. If the brain is left without too much oxygen, the cells in the brain begin to die. This process is apoptosis.

Signs and symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injuries can various symptoms that may appear immediately, while others may appear late on. Most symptoms can range from mild to severe. The signs and symptoms of a traumatic brain injury may include:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • State of being dizzy or disoriented
  • Persistent headaches
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Mood changes or swings, or unusual behavior

If you notice any of the above symptoms, it’s important to seek medical attention on an emergency basis.

Traumatic Brain Injury treatment care

Caring for loved one suffering from a TBI can be difficult without the right help. Luckily, there are various options available. One option is home care assistance. With home care assistance, your loved one can get help with activities of daily living such as bathing, dressing, and grooming. In addition, our care team can provide light housekeeping and prepare nutritional meals.

Right at Home can help families who find themselves coping with the unexpected effects of a sudden injury to the brain. Whether it's helping a family establish new routines immediately after the injury or providing respite to families who have established a system of care, Right at Home has numerous Care Services that can help.

Call (561) 440-2273 TODAY and find out how Right at Home Care Agency can assist you.

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